Marshall & Sanow Stopping Power Stats 22LR - 12 Gauge
Original obtained from Dale Towert

* = Estimated Effectiveness


.22 Long Rifle
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
CCI StingerLHP 32 1255 112 395 34%
Federal N/ALHP 38 975 80 612 30%
Win N/ALHP 37 975 78 567 29%
Rem N/A LHP 36 975 76 879 27%
Win N/A LRN 40 955 81 1469 21%

.22 Magnum

Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win N/A JHP 40 1330 157   42% *
CCI +V HP 30 1450 140   40% *

.25 ACP
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win XP JHP 45 815 66 119 25%
Win N/A FMJ 50 760 64 2406 23%
Rem N/A FMJ 50 710 56 1977 22%
Federal N/A FMJ 50 760 641864 22%
Magsafe Defender JPF 29 1400 126   41% *
Magsafe Defender +P JPF 22 1610 127   41% *
Glaser Safety Slug JPF 36 1065 91   33% *
CCI N/A PHP 45 785 62   25% *

.32 ACP
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win Silvertip JHP 60 970 125 83 63%
Win N/A FMJ 71 905 129 123 50%
Magsafe Defender JPF 50 1250 174   57% *
Glaser Safety Slug JPF 50 1065 126   46% *

.380 ACP (9mmK)
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Cor-Bon N/A +P JHP 90 1050 220 20 70%
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 90 1000 200 58 69%
Federal N/A JHP 90 1000 200 109 69%
Win Silvertip JHP 85 1000 189 82 61%
CCI N/A JHP 88 1000 196 57 58%
Rem N/A (old ver) JHP 88 990 192 51 57%
Hornady XTP JHP 90 1000 200 26 54%
Federal N/A FMJ 95 955 193 109 51%
Magsafe Maximum +P+ JPF 52 1720 342   81%*
Glaser Blue JPF 70 1350 283   75% *
Glaser Silver JPF 70 1295 261   73% *
Magsafe Defender JPF 60 1340 239   71% *
Magsafe Fast Hardball JPF 55 1500 275   71% *
CCI Gold Dot JPF 90 1030 212   67% *
Triton N/A +P JHP 90 1000 200   65% *
Rem Golden Saber JHP 102 925 194   64% *
Rem N/A (new ver) JHP 88 990 192   64% *
Eld Starfire JHP 95 925 181   62% *

.38 special 2"
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win N/A +P LHP 158 789 219 106 67%
Federal N/A +P LHP 158 783 215 111 66%
Federal N/A +P JHP 125 819 186 103 65%
Rem N/A +P LHP 158 781 214 81 65%
CCI N/A +P JHP 125 822 187 53 64%
Federal Nyclad +P JHP 125 878 214 29 62%
Win N/A +P JHP 125 816 185 63 62%
Rem N/A +P SJHP 95 1023 221 118 60%
Rem N/A +P SJHP 125 845 198 91 52%
Win N/A +P JHP 110 924 209 91 51%
Federal N/A SWC 158 652 149 167 49%
Federal N/A LRN 158 599 126 319 49%

.38 special 4"
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Cor-Bon N/A +P+ JHP 115 1250 399 29 83%
Win N/A +P LHP 158 890 278 302 78%
Federal N/A +P LHP 158 890 278 209 77%
Federal N/A +P JHP 125 945 248 214 73%
Rem N/A +P SJHP 125 945 248 106 73%
Win N/A +P+ JHP 110 1155 326 35 71%
CCI N/A +P JHP 125 945 248 74 70%
Rem N/A +P LHP 158 890 278 143 70%
Win Silvertip +P JHP 110 995 242 111 69%
Rem N/A +P SJHP 95 1175 291 119 66%
Win N/A +P JHP 125 945 248 65 65%
Federal N/A SWC 158 755 200 278 52%
Federal N/A LRN 158 755 200 456 51%
Magsafe Maximum JPF 65 1800 468   87% *
Glaser Blue +P JPF 80 1500 400   85% *
Magsafe Fast Hrdball+P JPF 49 1820 361   80% *
Glaser Blue JPF 80 1350 324   80% *
Triton N/A +P+ JHP 110 1230 370   79% *
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 125 975 264   73% *
Triton N/A +P+ JHP 158 925 300   73% *
Eld Starfire JHP 125 950 251   73% *

9mm
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Cor-Bon N/A JHP 115 1350 466 32 91%
Federal N/A +P+ JHP 115 1300 432 109 90%
Win N/A +P+ JHP 115 1305 435 98 90%
Rem N/A +P+ JHP 115 1310 439 57 89%
Federal Hydra-Shok +P+ JHP 124 1220 410 63 86%
Federal Nyclad LHP 124 1120 346 239 84%
Win Silvertip JHP 115 1225 383 304 83%
Federal N/A JHP 115 1160 344 208 82%
Rem N/A JHP 115 1155 341 167 81%
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 124 1120 346 106 81%
CCI N/A JHP 115 1155 341 135 79%
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 147 1000 327 278 78%
Federal 9MS-2 JHP 147 975 310 27 78%
Win Black Talon JHP 147 990 320 26 77%
Federal 9MS-1 JHP 147 975 310 25 76%
Win N/A JHP 147 990 320 232 74%
Hornady N/A JHP 90 1360 370 25 64%
Win N/A FMJ 115 1153 341 256 63%
Sig Rhino JPF 98 1650 593   91% *
Magsafe Stealth +P JPF 64 1950 541   90% *
Glaser Blue JPF 80 1650 484   88% *
BlkHls N/A JHP 115 1300 432   85% *
Rem N/A +P JHP 115 1250 399   84% *
Triton XTP +P JHP 124 1250 431   84% *
Cor-Bon N/A +P BHP 124 1250 421   84% *
Cor-Bon XTP JHP 125 1250 434   83% *
Rem Golden Sabre +P JHP 124 1180 384   83% *
GA Arms N/A +P PHP 115 1275 415   83% *
GA Arms N/A +P PHP 124 1225 413   83% *
AA ADE JHP 115 1220 380   82% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 124 1150 364   82% *
Eld Starfire JHP 115 1167 348   81% *
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 124 1125 349   81% *
Eld Starfire JHP 124 1090 327   80% *
Cor-Bon XTP JHP 147 1100 395   80% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 115 1200 368   79% *
Magsafe Fast Hardball JPF 60 1920 341   79% *
Win Supreme SXT JHP 147 990 320   78% *
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 147 990 320   77% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 147 985 317   77% *
Rem N/A JHP 124 1070 315   77% *
Cor-Bon N/A +P BHP 147 1000 327   77% *

.357 Sig.
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Magsafe Defedner N/A JPF 64 2230 707   92% *
Cor-Bon Sierra JHP 115 1450 537   89% *
Federal N/A JHP 125 1352 507   88% *
Hornady XTP JHP 124 1350 502   87% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 125 1398 543   86% *
Cor-Bon N/A BHP 124 1400 540   86% *
Hornady XTP JHP 147 1190 460   84% *
Federal N/A FMJ 125 1352 507   59% *

.357 Magnum
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Rem N/A JHP 125 1450 584 204 96%
Federal N/A JHP 125 1450 584 523 96%
CCI N/A JHP 125 1450 584 153 93%
Federa N/A JHP 110 1295 410 204 90%
Rem N/A SJHP 110 1295 410 53 89%
Win N/A JHP 1251450 584 105 87%
Win Silvertip JHP 145 1290 53684 85%
Rem Med. Vel. JHP 125 1220 413 23 83%
Rem N/A SJHP 158 1235 535 38 82%
Federal Nyclad LHP 158 1235 535 42 81%
CCI N/A JHP 140 1380 592 23 74%
Win N/A SWC 158 1255 553 98 72%
Rem N/A SWC 158 1235 535 71 68%
Rem N/A JSP 158 1235 535   73% *
CCI N/A JSP 158 1178 487   72% *
CCI N/A JHP 125 1410 552   71% *
Federal N/A SWC 158 1152 466   71% *
CCI N/A JHP 158 1240 540   70% *
Glaser Blue JPF 80 1700 514   89% *
Eld Starfire JHP 150 1205 484   88% *
Rem Med. Vel. SJHP 110 1295 410   85% *
Magsafe Fast Hardball JPF 49 1960 418   85% *
Cor-Bon XTP JHP 125 1450 584   85% *
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 125 1220 413   84% *

.40 S&W
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Cor-Bon Nosler JHP 135 1300 507 24 96%
Federal N/A JHP 155 1140 448 34 94%
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 165 1150 485 16 94%
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 155 1140 448 14 93%
Cor-Bon N/A JHP 150 1200 480 26 92%
Win Silvertip JHP 155 1205 500 22 91%
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 180 950 361 38 89%
Cor-Bon N/A +P JHP 180 1050 441 22 86%
BlkHls XTP JHP 180 950 361 46 85%
Eld Starfire JHP 180 985 388 18 83%
Win N/A JHP 180 1010 408 21 81%
Win Black Talon JHP 180 990 392 35 80%
Win N/A FMJ 180 950 361 17 71%
Cor-Bon N/A +P JHP 135 1325 526   94% *
Glaser Blue JPF 105 1500 525   91% *
Magsafe Defender +P+ JPF 84 1753 573   93% *
Cor-Bon Sierra JHP 135 1300 507   90% *
Magsafe Fast Hardball JPF 67 1870 521   90% *
GA Arms N/A +P PHP 155 1200 496   90% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 155 1186 484   89% *
Eld Starfire JHP 155 1160 463   89% *
Hornady XTP JHP 155 1180 480   88% *
Cor-Bon XTP JHP 155 1175 475   88% *
Cor-Bon N/A JHP 165 1125 464   88% *
ProLoad N/A JHP 150 1190 472   88% *
GA Arms N/A +P PHP 180 1050 441   88% *
Triton N/A JHP 165 1125 464   87% *
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 180 1015 412   87% *
Win Supreme SXT JHP 180 990 392   86% *
Rem N/A JHP 155 1140 448   85% *
ProLoad Hi Perf. JHP 180 1070 458   85% *
Master N/A JHP 150 1100 403   85% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 180 958 367   85% *
AA ADE JHP 180 990 392   84% *
Hornady XTP JHP 180 950 361   82% *
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 165 950 331   82% *
ProLoad N/A JHP 180 950 361   82% *
Federal N/A JHP 180 950 361   81% *
Win Black Talon JHP 180 1015 412   80% *
Rem N/A JHP 180 950 361   80% *
Master N/A PHP 180 950 361   80% *
Win N/A FMJ 155 1125 436   79% *
Federal N/A SWC 180 925 361   73% *
Master N/A SWC 170 925 323   73% *
CCI N/A TMJ 180 950 361   70% *
Barber Power JFP 180 950 361   70% *

10mm Medum Vel
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win N/A JHP 180 1055 445 44 82%
Federal N/A JHP 180 980 384 27 81%
Rem N/A JHP 180 1055 445 31 81%
Win Black Talon JHP 200 990 436   87% *
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 180 1030 424   87% *
Eld Starfire JHP 180 950 361   84% *

10mm
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Cor-Bon N/A JHP 150 1300 563 10 90%
Glaser Blue JPF 105 1650 635   92% *
Win Silvertip JHP 175 1290 647   92% *
Master N/A JHP 150 1334 593   91% *
Triton N/A JHP 135 1400 588   91% *
Magsafe Defender JPF 96 1780 676   91% *
Rem N/A JHP 170 1262 602   88% *
Norma N/A FMJ 200 1181 620   69% *

41 Magnum
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win Silvertip JHP 175 1250 608 53 89%
Win N/A JHP 210 1300 789 34 82%
Rem N/A JSP 210 1300 789 31 81%
Win N/A SWC 210 965 435 57 75%
Rem N/A SWC 210 965 435 43 74%

44 Special
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win Silvertip JHP 200 810 292 60 75%
Federal N/A LHP 200 810 292 49 73%
Win N/A LRN 246 755 312 71 65%
Rem N/A SWC 200 1035 476 17 65%
Rem N/A SWC 240 851 386   65% *
Magsafe Defender JPF 92 1620 536   92% *
Magsafe Urban Defender JPF 115 1300 432   89% *
D&D Omega Star JPF 210 965 434   88% *
Cor-Bon XTP JHP 180 1000 400   86% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 200 875 340   84% *

44 Magnum
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Win Silvertip JHP 210 1250 729 50 90%
Federal N/A JHP 180 1610 1037 37 89%
Rem N/A SJHP 240 1180 743 34 88%
Win N/A JHP 240 1180 743 43 84%
Federal N/A JHP 240 1180 743 35 80%
Rem Med. Vel. SWC 240 850 385 55 76%
Magsafe Urban Defender JPF 115 1620 671   93% *
D&D Omega Star JPF 210 1250 729   93% *
Eld Starfire JHP 240 1180 743   91% *
CCI N/A JHP 200 1200 640   90% *
Cor-Bon XTP JHP 180 1200 576   90% *
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 240 1180 743   86% *
Win N/A SWC 240 1259 845   82% *
CCI Med. Vel. SWC 240 850 385   65% *

.45 ACP
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Federal Hydra-Shok JHP 230 850 369 71 94%
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 230 875 391 14 93%
Cor-Bon N/A JHP 185 1150 544 12 92%
Rem N/A +P JHP 185 1140 534 44 91%
CCI Lawman JHP 200 975 422 111 88%
Federal N/A JHP 185 950 371 75 87%
Win Silvertip JHP 185 1000 411 73 82%
Rem N/A JHP 185 1000 411 114 81%
Win Black Talon JHP 230 900 414 36 81%
Rem N/A FMJ 230 835 356 122 65%
Federal N/A FMJ 230 835 356 168 63%
Win N/A FMJ 230 835 356 179 63%
Sig Rhino JPF 125 1560 676   93% *
Magsafe Maximum JPF 103 1900 826   93% *
Magsafe Swat JPF 66 2140 672   >93% *
Glaser Blue JPF 140 1400 610   93% *
Magsafe Defender JPF 96 1660 588   93% *
Triton N/A +P JHP 185 1150 544   92% *
Magsafe Fast Hardball JPF 72 2120 719   92% *
Federal Hydra-Shok +P JHP 185 1140 534   91% *
D&D Omega Star JPF 200 1020 462   91% *
D&D Omega Star +P JPF 230 960 471   90% *
Cor-Bon N/A +P JHP 230 950 461   90% *
GA Arms N/A +P PHP 185 1075 475   90% *
CCI Gold Dot JHP 185 1050 453   90% *
AA ADE JHP 185 1000 411   89% *
D&D Omega Star JPF 200 965 414   89% *
Cor-Bon N/A +P BHP 230 950 461   89% *
Rem Golden Sabre JHP 185 1015 423   89% *
Hornady XTP +P JHP 230 950 461   89% *
Hornady XTP +P JHP 200 1050 490   88% *
Cor-Bon N/A JHP 200 1050 490   88% *
Win Subsonic JHP 230 925 437   88% *
D&D Omega Star JPF 230 885 400   87% *
Eld Starfire JHP 230 850 369   86% *
Win Supreme SXT JHP 230 860 378   86% *
CCI Gold Dot BHP 230 830 352   86% *
IMI UZI FMJ 185 1046 450   77% *

.45 Long Colt
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Federal N/A LHP 225 900 405 69 78%
Win Silvertip JHP 225 920 423 53 74%
Win N/A LRN 255 860 419 59 69%
Rem N/A LRN 250 860 411 19 63%
CCI N/A JHP 200 850 321   85% *

.223 Rem [Rifle]
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Rem N/A JHP 60 3100 1281 11 100%
Win Match JHP-BT 69 3060 1435 12 100%
Federal N/A JHP 40 3650 1184 125 99%
Win N/A JSP 55 3240 1282 25 96%
Win N/A FMJ 55 3240 1282 161 96%
Federal N/A JHP 55 3240 1282 90 95%
Rem N/A FMJ 55 3240 1282 37 95%
Federal N/A JHP 62 3020 1296 32 94%
Rem N/A JSP 55 3240 1282 17 94%
Federal N/A FMJ-BT 55 3240 1282 82 93%

.308 Win. [Rifle]
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Rem Sierra Match JHP-BT 168 2680 2680 19 100%
Mil Sierra Match JHP-BT 168 2680 2680 199 99%
Federal Sierra Match JHP-BT 168 2600 2520 73 99%
IMI Sierra Match JHP-BT 168 2680 2680 306 98%
Win Sierra Match JHP-BT 168 2680 2680 34 97%

12 Gauge
Manu. Brand Type Grains fps fpe Shoot. Success
Federal 2 3/4" Slug 438 1600 2490 78 98%
Rem 2 3/4" Slug 438 1600 2490 99 98%
Win 2 3/4" Slug 438 1600 2490 119 98%
Federal 2 3/4" Tactical 00 Buck 486 1145 1415 89 96%
Rem 3" Magnum 00 Buck 675 1210 2195 34 94%
Win 2 3/4" 00 Buck 540 1325 2106 293 94%
Federal 2 3/4" 00 Buck 540 1325 2106 235 89%
Rem 2 3/4" 00 Buck 540 1325 2106 419 88%
Win 2 3/4" #4 Buck 540 1325 2106 95 83%
Rem 2 3/4" #4 Buck 540 1325 2106 223 81%

Abbreviated manufacturer's names:
- Rem = Remington
- Win = Winchester
- Eld = Eldorado
- Sig = Signature
- BlkHls = Black Hills
- GA Arms = Georgia Arms
- AA = American Ammo
- D&D = D&D Bullets

Information Sources
All figures listed under the Marshall & Sanow's Latest Ratings are sourced from the references listed below. Because the database of actual shootings, and the number of new ammunition & bullets being released is continually increasing, a situation occurs where different sources list conflicting figures for the same calibre/load combination. When this occurs, I have used the figures from the most recently dated publication. Many thanks to the following publications, people, and organisations for the actual figures, and much of the information about handgun stopping power provided by this site:

- FBI Wound Ballistic Evaluation
- Federal Cartridges (Product info and brochures)
- Guns & Ammo Magazine (September 1992)
- Guns & Ammo Magazine (October 1992)
- Guns & Ammo 1994 Annual for the Strasbourg Test Information
- Handguns Magazine (February 1995)
- Handguns Magazine (December 1995)
- Hornady 1995 Catalog (Pictures)
- Handgun Stopping Power (Marshalll & Sanow) for most of the figures and background information
- Larry Ellision for pointing out errors, for constructive criticism, and useful suggestions.
- Magsafe Ammo Company (Product info and brochures)
- Marshalll & Sanow for all their fantastic work, and regular updates
- Rick Dixon (D&D Omega Star Bullets) for figures, photo's, bullets and other interesting information
- Street Stoppers (also by Marshall & Sanow)
- Criteria for Determining a Bullets Stopping Power
- [Marshall and Sanow, pages 43-45]
The bullet must strike the torso (excluding the head and neck) of a person. It seems obvious that a bullet that strikes a hand, leg, arm or foot, will almost certainly never bring about instantaneous incapacitation. Secondly, a successful one-shot stop occurring in the neck or head owes its success to shot placement, rather than calibre or bullet design.

Multiple hits have to be discarded. We are interested in the effect of a single bullet. Again it is obvious that multiple shots will be more effective, however it is impossible to determine some measure of bullet performance based on multiple shots.

Figures are provided (by Marshall & Sanow) only when a minimum of five instances of shooting with a particular load/calibre combination have occurred. In addition, some of the following information must have been available: police reports, evidence technician reports, homicide reports, autopsy results, and photos (among other things). In addition, the actual recovered bullets or photographs of the bullets must have been available for examination.

Marshall & Sanow have developed a method of estimating a bullets performance based on correlating the results of the performance of new bullets fired into 10% ballistic gelatine with the results of bullets with known performance on the street, also fired into 10% ballistic gelatine. (Read the book - you'll find out that their method of estimating is the most thorough and likely to represent reality as you could possible get). All figures that are estimated are marked with a "*". Reality shows that frequently the estimated figure turns out to be a little below the actual figure when it becomes available.

Validity of the Bullet Effectiveness Estimation Theory
[Marshall and Sanow, pages 187-196]
Marshall and Sanow make use of four areas of a bullets performance in 10% ballistic gelatine to predict a bullets effectiveness. In each case the bullets known performance on the street is compared to the performance in the ballistic gelatine. The results allow a new bullets street effectiveness to be estimated based on its performance in ballistic gelatine. The correlation coefficients for each area of bullet performance in ballistic gelatine with actual street results are:

Penetration. The correlation coefficient for penetration is -0.37
Recovered bullet diameter. The correlation coefficient is 0.82 for bullets under 1300 fps, and 0.68 for bullets over 1300 fps.
Permanent crush cavity volume. The correlation coefficient is 0.87 for bullets under 1300 fps, and 0.60 for bullets over 1300 fps.
Temporary crush cavity volume. The correlation coefficient is 0.80.
Of course, the closer each correlation coefficient is to 1.0, the more accurate the prediction. In practise, Marshall and Sanow's method has shown itself to be very accurate, and has become the standard by which many bullet manufacturers and knowledgeable publications compare and estimate new bullets performance.

 


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